Textual Analysis of Social Realism Opening Sequences

November 11, 2009 at 2:00 pm (Uncategorized)

Although I’ve already done 3 textual anlysis’ of opening sequences, I didn’t do any that were from Social Realism films. After listing the Pros and Cons of the 3 genres I was considering doing, this is the genre I have decided to do an opening sequence for. I was planning on doing a Romantic Comedy, so I now need to do further Textual Anylsis’ to improve my knowledge of the Social Realism genre and their opening sequences.

Two Social Realism films with good opening sequences are Trainspotting and Billy Elliot.


Directed by Danny Boyle


Summary of Opening Sequence: The film starts with upbeat music and two men fp0275trainspotting-postersrunning down a street in a town or city, being chased by two other men in uniform. A voiceover begins in a male Scottish accent. As the two men keep running, DVD’s and CD’s fall out of their pockets and from under their shirts, showing they have probably been shoplifting. They run down some steps and down a quieter street where the first one runs into a car while the second one carries on running. The first one begins to laugh before the shot is frozen and he is introduced with a title as Renton. It then cuts to Renton smoking in a dark room, before cutting to a football match, where other characters are introduced with similar titles and freeze frames. Renton is then shown being hit in the head by the football, and the shots starts swapping between him gradually falling back on the football pitch and falling back smoking in the room from earlier. The opening sequence finishes with the camera slowly rotating around him and zooming out, as he states “Who needs reasons when you’ve got heroin?”

Locations: Outdoors during day in town or city where two characters running away from security guards. Sets environment for rest of film. Main protagonist smoking in dark, dingy room with bare wooden floor, bar walls, not much furniture. Shows characters lifestyle and personality. Small football pitch outside at night, lit with flood lights.

Characters: First two characters introduced young men. Camera focused on one in front more, setting him as main protagonist. Shots of him smoking in room on his own further sets this and shows partTrainspotting_ver2 of lifestyle. Other characters all male, suggesting target audience mainly male, introduced during football match. All introduced in same way – freeze frame of action with name shown as title. Good friends, get into trouble a lot.

Enigma Codes: What will happen to characters during film, especially main protagonist Renton.  How will heroin play a part in narrative. Do they get caught for stealing.

Cinematography and the effects: Mainly simple, eye-level shots. range of mid-shots, long-shots. Establishing shot at start, rule of thirds, main protagonist closer than other character in shot. Shots of feet running, adds interest. Medium shot then very long shot of protagonist smoking, shows surroundings and environment. Zoom ins on other characters as introduced. Track at beginning. Panning shot at end of main protagonist, then slow zoom adfgaway. Shows profile and then during zoom shows where he is lying and surroundings, further establishing shot.

Editing Techniques and their effects: Simple cuts, no special transitions. Match-on-action. Quick cuts between top of characters when running and feet, builds tension. Freeze frames when introducing characters. 180-degree rule followed.

Use of Sound: Non-diegetic sound – voiceover probably by main protagonist. Dialogue and tone of voice set tone and theme for rest of film. Also upbeat music, showing film possibly quite funny, witty and snappy. Also diegetic sound of action – cheers, groans etc. during football match. Sound of feet running on ground, car screeching to a halt. Adds tension and meaning to action.

Genre Characteristics: Locations: built up, city etc. Mise-en-scene with room where smoking – dark, bare, “kitchen sink”. Also language used by protagonist on voiceover.

When, Where and How Titles are presented in relation to the action: No titles for title, actors etc. Characters names shown as title though. Action freezes as names come up throughout opening sequence.

Font, Colour and Positioning of Titles: White, bricky, simple font. Positioned under or beside character it is introducing.trainspotting

Intended Target Audience and Signifiers: Mainly males, young adults, 16-30 year olds. All characters male so far. Playing Football – masculine. Fans of Social Realism.

Ideas you could transfer to your own opening sequence: Really like introduction of characters with names as title and freeze frames. Also type of music – upbeat, happy. – as shows film funny as well as addressing serious issues. 


Billy Elliot

Directed by Stephen Daldry

Summary of Opening Sequence: A young boy puts record on a record which starts to play as he starts to jump up and down on his bed. Parts of his face and body come into shot in slow motion as he jumps against background of his wallpaper. The titles come up between him jumping. The shot then changes to a longer shot, showing more of his body 3984_headingas he continues to jump in slow motion, showing more of the positions and actions he is doing as he jumps. The boy then goes downstairs and into the kitchen, where he gets a meal ready. As he carries it into another room, he sees an empty bed. Worried, he rushes out of the house, dropping most of the food as he puts the tray down, and starts running down a street. He finds an old lady, his grandma, in an overgrown field. He encourages her to go with him, and as they walk away out of shot, vans with riot police coming out if them can be shown on the road above them.

Locations: Young protagonists bedroom, wallpaper old-fashioned, 70’s/80’s – help establish time period film set in. Housing estate protagonist runs through, council housing, looks rough – convention of Social Realism.  

Characters: Young boy, thin, shorts and vest top.billy_061116011115208_wideweb__300x286,1 Established as main protagonist, first person we see, watch him for long time on his own and then with other character – always onscreen. Expects narrative to be about him. Other character introduced old woman, grandma of young boy. Has obviously wandered off on her own, not meant to. Seems a bit senile. Young boy obviously has to take care of grandma – cooks, looks after her. Loves her though, as very kind.

Enigma Codes: What will happen to young boy during film, will anything happen to his grandma. Why are there riot police there.

Cinematography and the effects: Close up shots of various parts of protagonists body – audience doesn’t see whole profile for a while, builds expectations, also establishes him as main protagonist. Slow-motion also adds expectations, jamie%20bell%20billy%20elliotand set calm atmosphere to contrast with later more tense atmosphere. Tension caused by hand-held camera, which is also convention of Social Realism films.

Editing Techniques and their effects: Simple cuts, no special transitions – conventions of Social Realism films. Match-on-action used.

Use of Sound: Non-diegetic noise – music over top, relaxing, slow tempo track. Adds to relaxed atmosphere set at beginning of opening sequence. Diegetic noise – dialogue, helps explain narrative.

Genre Characteristics: Locations, built up, council house type homes. Lower class, shown by language, accent. 

When, Where and How Titles are presented in relation to the action: Titles shown over beginning of opening sequence when young boy is jumping up and down. Shown in between jumps, when protagonist not onscreen.

Font, Colour and Positioning of Titles: Simple, plain font. All titles white and positioned centre screen, except title of film which is yellow and on leftjamie_bell_billy_elliot_003 side of screen.

Intended Target Audience and Signifiers: Males, as main protagonist male. Also perhaps younger teenagers because of age of protagonist, but certification suggests older. Riot police in background suggest more adult theme will occur throughout film, making target audience older teenagers and young adults.

Ideas you could transfer to your own opening sequence: Type of music used. Most Social Realism films use more rap and urban, but Billy Elliot doesn’t, more pop/rock. Also simple title and kind of locations used.




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Possible Genres For Opening Sequence

November 7, 2009 at 1:50 pm (Uncategorized)

The first thing I need to do in the planning of my Opening Sequence is to choose the genre. To choose my genre, I need to look at what genres are realistically possible to do with the resources I have. The following factors must be taken into account:

  • Achievability (can it be realistically recreated)
  • Target Audience and how you could appeal to them
  • Own interests and experiences
  • Budget constraints
  • Locations available
  • Authenticity of props, actors, costumes etc.
  • Time

After considering these factors, there are several possible genres to do my opening sequence for:

  • Romance
  • Horror
  • Comedy
  • Social Realism
  • Crime Drama
  • Thriller
  • Rom-Com

There are three I am considering doing; Romantic Comedy, Romance or Social Realism. There are pros and cons to doing all of these genres.

Romantic Comedy


  • The narrative of a Romantic-Comedy is mainly character driven, meaning no special effects are needed
  • A Romantic-Comedy can be made on a low-budget, as there are no special effects needed
  • There is a wide audience for Romantic-Comedy’s


  • Because the story is character driven, good actors are needed
  • The opening sequences of Romantic Comedies conventionally have a popular and well known track over the top. However, I am not allowed to use any signed artists, making this possibly difficult
  • Any dialogue used will have to be effective and witty. Lots of thought will have to go into the script writing



  • The narrative of Comedy films are mainly character driven, meaning no special effects are needed. This also means a high budget is not needed
  • No special costumes are needed, just normal, everyday clothes
  • There are no conventional locations of Comedies, so finding a location shouldn’t be too hard



  • Because the story is character driven, good actors are needed. They will also have to be good comedy actors
  • A lot of thought will have to be put into the script, as it must be funny
  • It’s hard not to cross over into Romantic-Comedy

Social Realism


  • A Social Realism film doesn’t need a big budget, as it’s about everyday people, not action movie stars
  • No special costumes are needed, just normal, everyday clothes
  • Locations need to be built up and urban, and there are places within Bury and Ipswich that fit this description 



  • The actors must be good and able to effectively portray characters surrounded by serious issues
  • Social Realism films traditionally don’t have a very wide audience
  • The narrative of Social Realism films are about real life issues such as drug taking and abuse, meaning thought must be put into the message I want to project

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Opening Sequence Textual Analysis’

October 20, 2009 at 9:47 pm (Uncategorized)

Now we have completed our preliminary Tasks it is time to get ready for the real thing. Our actual coursework task is to produce a 2 minutes Opening Sequence to a British Movie. So we make the best opening sequences possible, we need to thoroughly research opening sequences of different genres of film. I have therefore done a Textual Analysis of 3 films from different genres, two of which are British.

  • Pride & Prejudice – A British Period Drama based on the famous Jane Austen Novel
  • Hot Fuzz – A British Comedy starring comedy genius’ Simon Pegg and Nick Frost, and made by the same people as Shaun Of The Dead and Spaced
  • Runaway Bride – An American Romantic Comedy from the director of Pretty Woman which also features a similar cast

Pride & Prejudice 2005

Directed by Joe Wright

Genre: Costume Drama

Summary of Opening Sequence: The film opens with a shot of the countryside with the sun rising behind the trees while the titles play. The shot then changes to a young woman walking through a field whilst reading a book, before cutting to a shot of the same woman walking across a small bridge towards a house. As she walks through hung up laundry and pass a doorway into a house, the camera begins to move down the corridor, where a girl is playing the piano and other girls and young woman are running around laughing. The shot pans to show outside the house, where the young woman is walking past chickens being fed, and into the house after pausing to listen to a conversation between an older couple through a window of the house. The young woman finds the other girls listening at the door to the same conversation, about the man who has let Netherfield. The man walks out of the room and the conversation is continued as everyone walks through the house into another room. The girls are very excited and start jumping around and laughing happily. The opening sequence finishes with a zoom out shot of the front of the house.


Pemberley Estate, depicted by Chatsworth House in Derbyshire

Locations: Outdoor shot right at start shows time of day and that story set chiefly in countryside. Houses surroundings show it is obviously farm-house and interior of house helps portray time period narrative set in and busy family life. House set as chief location of film because of how camera explores house thoroughly and zoom out shot at end of opening sequence.

Characters: First character seen is young woman reading, setting her as main protagonist as followed to her home. Here more girls around her age, sisters, introduced in happy family environment. Parents also introduced happily. Introduction of all characters and environment around them portray them as very keira_knightley_in_pride_and_prejudice_wallpaper_1_800happy family with good relationships and sets them as central family of narrative.

Enigma Codes: Audience wishes to discover what will happen to family during film, especially young woman from beginning, also whether and how relationships will change.

Cinematography and the effects: Tracking shot that shows main protagonist walking to house and interior of house makes audience feel as if they’re actually walking along with her and then through house exploring family’s lifestyle. Panning shot of room and tracking to outside continues feeling of being there yourself. Final zoom out shot of house brings opening sequence to conclusion, showing house in full so audience knows this is central setting and family of narrative.

Editing Techniques and their effects: All shot changes straight cuts. Shot/reverse shot used during conversation, as is match on action.2005_pride_and_prejudice_wallpaper_002

Use of Sound: During opening shot there no sound except birdsong in background, further setting countryside location. Gradually piano starts playing soft music over top, setting atmosphere for opening sequence. Thought to be non-diegetic until enter house and can see piano music being played by one of sisters. Music stops briefly during conversation before continuing non-diegetically over last shot of house. Along with music are animal noises faintly in background showing live on farm. 

Genre Characteristics: Costumes worn by characters conventional of Costume Dramas, along with hair styles and interior of house.

When, Where and How Titles are presented in relation to the action: Titles played over very beginning during shot of pride_and_prejudice_sizedcountryside with sun rising over trees.

Font, Colour and Positioning of Titles: All titles written in same simple font in white. Positioned in centre of screen, all same size accept title of film slightly larger.

Intended Target Audience and Signifiers: Opening sequence sets film as mainly targeted towards females, because of amount of female characters and lead protagonists appearing to be young women. Because of period and therefore language used, target audience probably not young children despite U certification, but 14-year-old girls and above.

Ideas you could transfer to you own opening sequence: Because I would like my opening sequence to be Romantic Comedy, I could take some ideas from this opening sequence. Establishment of main female protagonist very well done, as is establishment of main location and genre.


 Hot Fuzz 2007

Directed by Edgar Wright

Genre: Comedy

hot-fuzz-poster-1Summary of Opening Sequence: The film opens with police sirens and whistles playing over the Universal and Working Titles logos. It then cuts to a set of automatic doors opening and a very long shot of a police officer walking towards the camera while the camera slowly zooms. The police officer stops when he is in a close up shot and stares into the camera before holding up his ID Card. Upbeat music starts playing and a voice over begins, telling the audience who he is and about his career. The action keeps cutting from the officer walking through Scotland Yard to him doing things that fit into the dialogue e.g. taking part in training and tests. It becomes clear that he is a very successful police officer having graduated top of his class and now has the highest arrest record in the Metropolitan Police. The opening sequence ends with the officer saying he has been injured 3 times in the last 12 months, most recently in December when he was stabbed by a man dressed as Santa Claus, as he knocks on a door, then cuts to him being stabbed in the hand by Santa Claus and freezes as the song ends.

Locations: Location centred around Scotland Yard, where officer walking through to an office. Cuts frequently to other locations where officer taking part in police activities, including field exercises, riot control, examinations, graduating, working on streets of London, presentations, advanced driving and cyclinghot-fuzz2 courses, fencing, chess and gun raids. Locations used to introduce main protagonist and what his life is like.

Characters: Only character introduced Police Constable Nicholas Angel. Introduces himself in-depth, but only talks about career. This and action taking place, shows audience that police and work is his life, and he doesn’t seem to have personal life or many relationships.

Enigma Codes: Audience wonders what’s going to happen to characters career during film, as obvious something is going to change. Also want to know if he has any relationships outside work.

Cinematography and the effects: Lots of different shots. First shot slow zoom in creates tension and intrigue. Lots of zoom ins and close up or extreme close ups to increase excitement and pace. Several fast pans also to keep pace and excitement. Mainly at eye level through out, occasional high angle hotfuzzto show pressure. 

Editing Techniques and their effects: Lots of interesting editing. Lots of very quick cuts and pans to increase pace and excitement, mostly done to match beat of music to keep pace. Several jolted transitions to cause slight confusion, e.g. when doing riot control. Freeze frames at end of certain shots to show facial expression of male protagonist. Cross fading of shots at end to show numerous arrests, support dialogue. Overall very complicated and intense editing to create atmosphere of excitement and tension and to keep very quick pace.

Use of Sound: Non-diegetic sound from very beginning over production titles. Sounds connected with Police such as whistles, bells, sirens played and cut out when film cuts to first shot. Portrays that film related to police some way. Then no noise except for police officers footsteps, causes suspense and tension. When he stops there is silence for second to increase suspense, before raises ID Card. Whooshing noise as raises and lowers ID Card makes it more exciting and also adds humour. Upbeat music starts playing with voiceover, to keep action quick and fast-moving. Diegetic sound from numerous clips played during voiceovers played so action more intense and adds meaning. Noise added when ticking test especially adds comedy to action.   

Genre Characteristics: Out of context, opening sequence could be seen as very serious and not really humorous. However, taken in way it’s meant to be, opening sequence very funny. Main genre characteristic is everything very over the top with emphasis on points to make them funnier. Last part with man dressed as Santa2007_hot_fuzz_wallpaper_002 Claus especially characteristic because takes something serious makes it funny.

When, Where and How Titles are presented in relation to the action: Titles played over beginning when police officer walking towards camera.

Font, Colour and Positioning of Titles: Titles positioned at bottom of screen in centre in white, simple, blocky font.

Intended Target Audience and Signifiers: Intended audience mainly males above age of 15. Film probably appeal to some females as well, but because of police and action theme portrayed in opening sequence and main protagonist apparently male, most likely mainly targeted at male gender.

Ideas you could transfer to you own opening sequence: Could take way main protagonist introduced and possibly transfer ideas to own opening sequence, because way done quite straight forward and well done. Get in-depth look into his life and character, and well explained character important in Romantic Comedy.

Runaway Bride 1999

Directed by Garry Marshallrunaway-bride

Genre: Romantic Comedy

Summary of Opening Sequence: The film opens with “I Still Haven’t Found What I’m Looking For” by U2 playing while the titles begin. The shot fades from black to show a corn field. A horse is galloping through fields , rivers and woods, ridden by a woman wearing a wedding dress. She stops at times to find where to go and looks very worried and distressed. As the title of the film shows, the woman is shown riding into the distance.45503570 The film then cuts to show shots of New York city, where a man we can’t see is talking into a phone. The man is then shown walking through New York, talking to several people quickly before entering a bar.

Locations: First location shown is countryside where female protagonist shown. Story then cuts to city where male protagonist is. Because countryside shown first but not really explained, makes audience think we will return to country for most of narrative.

Characters: First character introduced female protagonist on horse in wedding dress. This makes us think this is runaway bride from title, and also shows she apparently lives in countryside. Male protagonist is introduced within city where other characters talk to him, showing has many different relationships within city, and obviously very at home there.   

Enigma Codes: Audience want to know why female protagonist riding horse in wedding dress, and also how she and male protagonist linked.

Cinematography and the effects: Second shot is shot of horses hooves running down corn field. Creates tension and beyaztuval_julia_roberts_runaway_bride_1intrigue, as can’t see rider. Tracking camera to follow female protagonist, establishes her as lead.

Editing Techniques and their effects: All straight cuts, no special effects or transitions. Match-on-action

Use of Sound: Film opens with non-diegetic sound, U2’s “I Still Haven’t Found What I’m Looking For”. Once location within city, traditional city sounds like cars and workers to further determine location. Also when in bar there is diegetic music playing on radio in background which makes atmosphere laid back and relaxed.

Genre Characteristics: Song played over beginning of film conventional of Romantic Comedies.

When, Where and How Titles are presented in relation to the action: Titles are shown over very beginning when female protagonist riding horse through country.

Font, Colour and Positioning of Titles: Titles positioned centre screen in white coloured font. Font posh and slightly intricate, like kind of font used for wedding invitation etc. Supports title that film about weddings.ho_Runaway_Bride

Intended Target Audience and Signifiers: Target Audience for Romantic Comedies – including this one – usually females. Runaway Bride’s target audience older teenagers and woman, as age of lead protagonists around 30 years old, not in high school like some Romantic Comedies targeted towards younger audiences.

Ideas you could transfer to you own opening sequence: Could take a lot from opening sequence for my own, as want to do romantic comedy, especially how to establish two lead protagonists.

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Preliminary Task

October 7, 2009 at 12:52 pm (Uncategorized)

Our Preliminary Task was a Continuity Task with the same brief as our Induction Task:

Continuity Task involving filming and editing a character opening a door, crossing a room and sitting down in a chair opposite another character, with whom she/he then exchanges a couple of lines of dialogue. The task must demonstrate Match on Action, Shot/Reverse Shot and the 180-Degree Rule.

The Rulespen_paper_cartoon

There are several rules that we must follow during the pre-production, filming and post-production of our Preliminary Task…

  • The storyboard must contain no less than 20 shots
  • You are not to appear ion you’re own production
  • The cameras may be taken off the school grounds, but we are filming in a 100 minute slot, so there will be limitations on where you can go
  • The cameras cannot be taken away overnight or over the weekend
  • You must have permission from the people starring in your production and any permission needed to film in locations

Our Interpretation of the Brief

Becci and I decided to base our narrative around a person who has just received bad news, and another person who finds the former subject upset in a classroom. The latter subject walks through the door into the classroom, sits down opposite the person who is upset, asks them if they are alright and then gets a reply. This interpretation means we are following the given brief and that we can experiment with different camera shots while filming and cuts when editing. We can also experiment with composing an appropriate piece of music on Garage Band to portray the right atmosphere of the short narrative. 


Story Boarding and Animatic

Before we can begin filming our chosen narrative, we must complete a storyboard and animatic. Our storyboard had to have at least 20 shots, which ours matched exactly. We drew each frame on a quarter of A4, and each shot had to include the following details:

  • Shot Type
  • Camera Angle
  • Camera Movement
  • Editing – Transitions, Effects etc
  •  Duration of Shot
  • Sketch of Image that matches the Shot Type and Angle
  • Brief Description of Action
  • Any Diegetic/Non-Diegetic Sound
  • Shot Number

After our Storyboard was complete, we then went onto make the animatic. We took Close Up pictures of each shot on the Close Up setting of the Camera and then uploaded them onto iMovie. Once they images were on iMovie we could adjust the timing of the shots and add any zoom effects. Once we were satisfied with the timing etc, we went on Garage Band and composed some appropriate music to go with the animatic and imported it onto iMovies. 

This picture shows the programme iMovie, on which we made out animatic.

This picture shows the programme iMovie, on which we made out animatic.

I think the animatic follows the brief and depicts the narrative well because the description of action is detailed to shows what is happening in the narrative. I also think the music really portrays the atmosphere of the story. We chose the two shots involving a zoom effect to add more emotion and emphasis to that part of the narrative. We also chose several shots to show continuity. We showed match on action by changing shots when opening the letter and opening doors. We also showed shot/reverse shot and the 180-degree rule with the conversation at the end of the narrative. The music over the animatic adds to the atmosphere and mood of the overall narrative. It portrays the unhappy storyline and adds meaning. Unfortunately we ran out of time to record and import the speech to go with our animatic, but as there is only two short pieces of dialogue, we were not that worried about its absence. I think our animatic is overal very successful, as it includes all the information needed on the shots, each shot is edited and timed appropriately and the music added adds to the mood of the storyline well. Our finished animatic was upload onto YouTube and can be see below.

Previous Filming Experience

As I did GCSE Media Studies, I have quite a lot of previous filming experience. Over the past two years I have filmed a TV Advert with 3 other students, and a Music Video in a pair. From these filming experiences I have learnt valuable lessons which I’m sure will be refreshed while filming my Preliminary Task. I hope my previous experience and mistakes will come in useful when filming my Coursework piece.A52QXRVCA8EQKD0CAH1PY8JCAJLEXMBCAYKKCQMCAG1XIPACAX1ORFHCA35OYBYCAFMZSSACAW0CE36CAQ81GX5CAX0MZAFCATJBGM0CAZAURMSCAAM44SSCA1OZV11CAGZIPYSCA26MY54CA8S6S8HCAIQ6R0H

Reflection on Filming

We stuck to our animatic very closely, except for two parts that we changed. The first change we made was the opening few shots. We decided to change the opening shot so it did not show the subject opening the letter. We instead put this in the second shot and therefore added a shot to show match on action. The second change we made was during the introduction of the second character. Because of a change of location we had to adjust this part of the narrative slightly, but I think it still works really well. We didn’t encounter too many problems while filming, only getting the right angle for a couple of shots, which  was easily solved with a bit of practise, and also finding somewhere to film, but luckily we were allowed to use an empty classroom that the teacher working in there did not mind us using.  The main problem was when our confirmed actors pulled out due to have to do school work, and we nearly had to film later. Luckily there were a few of our friends having a free that were willing to fill in. We have learnt for next time to make sure we have somewhere to film before shooting and to make sure we have a few back up actors in case anyone pulls out at the last-minute.



Once all our filming was done, we captured the footage and imported it in Final Cut. We were now reading to edit our footage. I had previous editing experience from my GCSE Media Studies, and Year 11’s experience came in very useful, as this was when we started using Macs to edit. However, we learned new ways to edit on Final Cut and experimented with more effects. I used my previous editing experience to hopefully edit the footage we had to the best of my ability. Becci and I didn’t encounter too many problems while editing, and the ones we did were not serious. We had to differ slightly from our animatic on parts, because of the change of location I have already discussed, and also at the beginning where the female subject opens the letter, where we added a shot to add more tension and also show another example ofPicture 3 match-on-action. The main problem we had was keeping to the timing, as certain actions within the film took longer than we thought. However, this was not a huge problem, and really the only thing it affected was the music we had composed on Garage Band. We went back to Garage Band and changed parts of the music so it would still fit and would also emphasise points to increase meaning and emotion.

Final Edited Preliminary Task

This is the final version of our Preliminary Task, completely edited.


Overall, I am very  pleased with my Preliminary Task. We keep to the brief closely but still made the narrative our own, also portraying good continuity. There are several successful examples of match-on-action and shot/reverse shot, and we follow the 180-degree rule well. There are a few small continuity errors in the final version, mainly with Jess’ body stance differing from shot to shot. For example, in one shot she is sitting up straight, but the next she is suddenly has her head in her hands. Becci and I didn’t use any effects in the end, although we did experiment with slow motion for the end, something I had not looked at before. However, this did not add anything to the narrative and looked bad as the camera jolted slightly. All in all, I think our Preliminary Task is really successful, as it follows the brief and all the filming and editing has been done for a reason to enhance the narrative.  I think that my past experiences came in very useful during filming and editing especially.  

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Continuity Editing

September 17, 2009 at 11:21 am (Uncategorized)


Before we do our Preliminary Task, there is an Induction Task we have to complete. For this Induction Task we must follow this brief:

Continuity task involving and editing a character opening a door, crossing a room and sitting down in a chair opposite another character, with whom she/he then exchanges a couple of lines of dialogue. This task should demonstrate match on action, shot/reverse shot and the 180-degree rule.

Match on Action

Match on Action is when an action is followed from one shot to another from a different angle. e.g. when someone is opening a door, you see it first from one side as they open it, then from the other as they walk through to the other side.

Shot/Reverse Shot

Shot/Reverse Shot is usually used when two subjects are exchanging dialogue. It’ll show a shot of one subject saying something, then swap to a shot of the other subjects reply or reaction.

The 180-Degree Rule

The 180-Degree Rule refers to an invisible line in a shot. If there are two people in a shot, and the first time you see them, the male subject is on the left and the female subject is on the right, it has to stay like that throughout the whole scene. You can swap the side that you film from, but you should always show the change of angle, by showing the movement of the camera going round the back of one of the subjects or something similar.

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